Publications

2020

Bargaining Leverage in Family Planning: A Gender-based Analysis of Filipino Couples’ Reproductive Choices

By Bautista, Cristina Manalo

Published at the International Journal for Studies on Children, Women, Elderly and Disabled People, Vol 9, January 2020

ABSTRACT

At the heart of the Philippines’ population problem is the high fertility rate among low-income households. The country’s total fertility rate remains the highest in Southeast Asia, averaging 2.7 births per woman as of 2017. Numerous studies have established the positive association between poverty and large family size. Most economic studies point to inadequate women’s education and lack of access or ineffective use of family planning methods as the main reasons behind high fertility. Less studied is the effect of the distribution of “power” or influence between the spouses. This research examined the problem using the collective household model as theoretical framework. The model recognizes individual preferences of spouses, thereby allowing a gender-based analysis of intrahousehold decision-making. This research utilized the 2003 Philippine national demographic data because, to date, this is the only survey where men were surveyed separately from women on a national scale, with a data subset of matched husbands and wives. The method of analysis employed independent multinomial probit regression, utilizing three dependent variables representing three categories of family planning based on the level of involvement of one or both spouses. These are (1) women-only methods, (2) couple-participation method, and (3) irreversible methods that required consent of both spouses. The econometric results reveal the gender-based differences in the way some power-related factors affected the probability of the man or the woman using certain types of family planning method: (1) support from extended family lowers the probability of using women-only contraception; (2) women’s discussion of family planning with other people—which can indicate some social capital—raises the probability of family planning use across categories; (3) exposure to family planning media messages affects men and women differently; and (4) difference in the couple’s education matters only in the use of women-based contraception. Interestingly, in contrast to the finding on women, the men’s discussion of family planning did not appear as a significant factor in the use of any type of family planning method.

Key words: intrahousehold bargaining; collective household model; family economics; family planning; fertility

2019

Linking Social Protection and Humanitarian Assistance in the Philippines

By Aldaba, Fernando T.

Aldaba, Fernando. "Linking Social Protection and Humanitarian Assistance in the Philippines." (2019).

2019

Structural Inequality in the Philippines: Oligarchy, (Im)mobility and Economic Transformation

By Tuano, Philip Arnold P., Cruz, Jerome Patrick D.R.

Tuano, Philip and Jerik Cruz, "Structural Inequality in the Philippines: Oligarchy, (Im)mobility and Economic Transformation",Journal of Southeast Asian Economics, Vol 36. No. 3 (2019). pp.304-28

Maximizing Versus Satisficing: Negative Correlation Between Maximizing Attitude and School Domain Satisfaction

By Beja, Edsel L., Jr.

Beja Jr, Edsel L. "Maximizing Versus Satisficing: Negative Correlation Between Maximizing Attitude and School Domain Satisfaction." The American Economist 64, no. 1 (2019): 95-101.

The Role of Power Prices in Structural Transformation: Evidence from the Philippines

By Ravago, Majah-Leah V.

Ravago, Majah-Leah V., Arlan Zandro Brucal, James Roumasset, and Jan Carlo Punongbayan. "The role of power prices in structural transformation: Evidence from the Philippines." Journal of Asian Economics (2019).

2018

Current Structure and Future Challenges of the Agricultural Sector

By Ravago, Majah-Leah V.

Ravago, M.V., A. Balisacan, and M. Sombilla. 2018. “Current Structure and Future Challenges of the Agricultural Sector,” in M. Rosegrant and M. Sombilla (eds), The Future of Philippine Agriculture: Scenarios, Policies, and Investments under Climate Change. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian

The Link between Energy and Poverty: Evidence of Benefits for the Poor

By Ravago, Majah-Leah V.

Mapa, D., M.V. Ravago, M. Albis, M. Del Mundo. 2018. “The Link between Energy and Poverty: Evidence of Benefits for the Poor,” in M.V Ravago, J. Roumasset, and R. Danao (eds.), Powering the Philippine Economy: Electricity Economics and Policy. Quezon City: University of the Philippines Press.

Bending the Curve: The Impact of Gradual Policy Reforms on Electricity Prices

By Ravago, Majah-Leah V.

Ravago, M.V., A. Brucal, J. Roumasset, S. de Guia. 2018. “Bending the Curve: The Impact of Gradual Policy Reforms on Electricity Prices,” in M.V Ravago, J. Roumasset, and R. Danao (eds.), Powering the Philippine Economy: Electricity Economics and Policy. Quezon City: University of the Philippines Press.